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COVID-19 and its current scenario in India - Second Wave

Human behavior is the major factor. State and local governments, as well as individual people, differ in their response to the pandemic. Some follow COVID-19 precautions, such as physical distancing, hand-washing, and mask-wearing. Others are not as prescriptive in requiring these measures or in restricting certain high-risk activities.

In some cities, towns, and communities, public places are closed or practicing limitations (such as how many people are allowed inside at one time); others are operating normally. Some government and community leaders encourage or even mandate mask-wearing and physical distancing in public areas. Others say it is a matter of personal choice.

Dr V Ravi, former HOD, department of neurovirology, Nimhans, and Karnataka Covid task force member, concurred, saying India will not escape a second wave. “The general feeling among the public is that we are over the hill,” Dr. Ravi said. “But the virus will catch up with everyone sooner or later.”

A combination of a large asymptomatic population and the presence of more infectious variants of the virus during the second wave, which is much steeper than the first wave that peaked in September, continues to transmit the virus even to those who are staying indoors.

Like the 1918-20 Spanish flu, the second all-India surge of the Covid-19 pandemic has been more devastating than the first. It has also appeared to be different from last year’s surge in several ways, increasing worries and anxiety.

There is an acute shortage of oxygen and drugs like remdesivir and tocilizumab. Contributions are made to ensure that the supply demand matches.

What to do to keep yourself and others safe from COVID-19

Maintain at least a 1-meter distance between yourself and others to reduce your risk of infection when they cough, sneeze or speak. Maintain an even greater distance between yourself and others when indoors. The further away, the better.

Make wearing a mask a normal part of being around other people. The appropriate use, storage, and cleaning or disposal are essential to make masks as effective as possible.

Here are the basics of how to wear a mask:

Clean your hands before you put your mask on, as well as before and after you take it off, and after you touch it at any time.

Make sure it covers both your nose, mouth, and chin.

When you take off a mask, store it in a clean plastic bag, and every day either wash it if it’s a fabric mask or dispose of a medical mask in a trash bin.

Don’t use masks with valves.

For specifics on what type of mask to wear and when read our Q&A and watch our videos. There is also a Q&A focused on masks and children.

Find out more about the science of how COVID-19 infects people and our bodies react by watching or reading this interview.

For specific advice for decision-makers, see WHO’s technical guidance.

Source. - WHO , TOI , Indian Express , BBC , HinduFront Line

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